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CTRL-F: Find the Facts is an online verification skills module designed to help students evaluate digital information and determine what to trust.




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Offline-Assignments Case Studies

Posted: October 14, 2020

Check Your Source

Disinformation during the Saskatchewan election

Key Concepts:

 Informed Citizenship ,  News literacy
Offline-Assignments

As the 2020 provincial election approaches, many Saskatchewan residents are turning to online news sources to seek out credible information about candidates and parties that will help them make an informed decision at the polls. 

 

One website, The Saskatchewan Herald, looks like an online newspaper with a focus on provincial politics, but experts are cautioning readers to take a closer look at the source.

 

The site, which takes an anti-Saskatchewan Party stance, recently published a number of reports saying that Sask. Party members are not happy with Premier Scott Moe’s leadership and suggested that he should be replaced by party member Alanna Koch.

 

These reports have no basis in fact. When questioned, both Koch and Sask. Party representatives contested the reports, with Sask. Party communications director Jim Billington confirming that the party has “full confidence” in Scott Moe as its leader.  According to Koch, “There is no unrest in the Sask. Party. There’s no one looking to dump the current leader. This is totally ludicrous.”

 

Gordon Pennycook, an expert in disinformation at the University of Regina, points out that The Saskatchewan Herald website raised a number of red flags that suggested it might be unreliable or created with the intent to to mislead the audience. The website does not reveal information about who is editing, publishing, or funding the stories, and it does not include bylines to identify who is writing the articles. 


These signs indicate that, at the very least, The Saskatchewan Herald is not a legitimate news organization. According to Pennycook, “This has the forms of a traditional fake news website. . . . If you don’t know who the editor is then there’s no way to have any sense of what the editorial standards are.”

 

The site is also registered through a third-party domain located in the United States, which makes it difficult to find out who is behind the site. This lack of transparency is another sign that this is not a trustworthy source. 

 

After the Regina Leader-Post, a reputable news source, reported on the credibility questions surrounding The Saskatchewan Herald, the website was taken down and its social media accounts became unavailable.

1.  About Disinformation 

 

Share the article “Offensive and despicable’: Sask. Party condemns internet rumour mill” with your students.

Watch CIVIX Explains: Disinformation and have a discussion about political disinformation. 

Guiding Questions:

  • Why do you think individuals or groups that want to spread disinformation pretend to be newspapers?
  • What do you think is the goal of this disinformation campaign? What do you think the producers are hoping to achieve by writing a false story saying that the Sask. Party wants to drop Scott Moe as their leader?
  • Don Morgan, a Sask. Party candidate, claimed that this type of disinformation “does a disservice to the political process.” What do you think Morgan means by this? How does disinformation affect the political process?
  • How do you think politicians or political campaigns should respond to disinformation? What if the disinformation benefits them or targets their opponents?

 

2. Applying Digital Information Literacy Strategies 

 

WatchSkill: Just Add Wikipedia with Mike Caulfield” to show students how they can use Wikipedia to quickly check if a source is reliable.

Research Use Wikipedia to look up the entries for some of the newspapers in your region. Model how to read a Wikipedia entry to assess a website’s reliability, and show students how Wikipedia used citations to back up its claims. Note: Not every Canadian newspaper will have a Wikipedia entry, but Wikipedia does keep  a running list of Canadian newspapers that includes local papers.

 

Extension Activity: Journalism Standards

 

  1. Share the article “Offensive and despicable’: Sask. Party condemns internet rumour mill” (Regina Leader-Post)  with your students.
  2. The article raises the concept of journalistic standards. Explain to students that professional journalists and news organizations follow a set of standards to make sure that their reporting is as reliable as possible.
  3. Watch the video CIVIX Explains: Journalism Standards as a class, and review the 5 standards (accuracy, research, sourcing, context, fairness).
  4. Ask students to use Wikipedia to evaluate the reputation of the Regina Leader-Post. Then, ask students to analyze the article and assess how it exhibits the standards of journalism. You can use this worksheet to help guide the analysis.

 

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